Tennessee Valley Woodworkers
     Vol. 18/ Issue 2         February  2003        Editor: Tom Gillard Jr. 

Meeting Notice:
The next meeting of the TN Valley Woodworkers
Will be held, February 18th, at 7:00 p.m. in the
 Duck River Electric Building, Decherd, TN
All interested woodworkers are invited!

The following people have agreed to serve as contacts for their particular skills.  If you have questions, suggestions for activities, or other comments relating to these skills, please call these folks.  Their interest is to help the club better serve their area of expertise.  Your participation with them will help them achieve that goal.

          Design: Alice Berry          454-3815                 Finishing:    Phil Bishop           967-4626
          Turning: Tom Church        967-4460                 Carving:      Harry May           962-0215
          Sharpening: Bob Reese     728-7974                 Joinery:       Ross Roepke       455-9140
          Health and Safety: Maurice Ryan   962-1555

   List of Club Officers
                                                     President:          Doyle McConnell
                                                     V. President:         Ken Gould
                                                     Secretary:          Barbara Keen
                                                     Treasurer:          Henry Davis
                                                     Publicity:           Loyd Ackerman
                                                     Newsletter Editor  Tom Gillard Jr.


Please remember, in your thoughts and prayers, all those touched by the Space Shuttle Tragedy

I hope everyone survived that COLD weather we had a few weeks ago.  Have you ever noticed that during the coldest, darkest days of winter the mailman can bring you something to take your mind off of the weather.  No, not your tax forms, but the new seed catalogs.  I got mine a few weeks ago and it was a real pleasure to look through it and dream of warmer times and the taste of fresh vegetables again.  Especially the corn!

                                                                                    What it Takes to be Shaker
                 The first Shakers came to America from England
                 in 1774. Following them from the outside world,
                 they recruited members to live and work in
                 self-sufficient, communal settlements. By the early
                 1800s there were 18 Shaker communities in seven

                 Shakers became known in the world outside their settlements for
                 excellence in whatever they grew or made, especially their furniture. In
                 keeping with the Shakers' unadorned lifestyle, they built purely functional
                 pieces devoid of ornamentation. Yet their furniture displayed delicately
                 constructed, graceful lines, and sensitivity to proportion reminiscent of
                 Danish modern or Scandinavian-style furniture of the 20th century.

                 The 1830s marked Shaker furniture's Golden Age. But they continued
                 producing it, even commercially, into the early 20th century.

                 Native wood from the forest
                 Shakers used local trees. Ash,
                 basswood, birch, butternut, cherry,
                 white pine, and sugar maple
                 (especially figured) were common in
                 New England settlements. Beech,
                 chestnut, yellow poplar, and walnut
                 were added in Kentucky and Ohio.
                 Fruitwood (apple, pear, etc.) was
                 used widely for pulls.

                 Finishes varied with the stock
                 Because several woods went into
                 chest of drawers, cabinets, and
                 tables, these types of furniture were
                 paint was opaque. Later, it was a
                wash through which the grain was
                 visible with varnish as a top coat.
                 Chairs and rockers made of only one
                 kind of wood were varnished or
                 shellacked after staining. Darker
                 hardwoods, such as cherry, were
                 finished with linseed oil.

Joinery that stayed together
                 The Shakers invented the
                 tongue-and-groove cutting machine,
                 so they employed it to edge-join
                 boards. Splined grooves, butt joints,
                 lap joints, through tenons (wedged
                 and keyed), and dadoes for shelving
                 were favorite joinery methods.
                 Dovetails are the most observable
                 construction feature. They were used
                 for their strength and durability rather
                 than for appearance.

                 Details didn't decorate
                 Shaker case goods featured drawers,
                 usually combined with larger storage
                 spaces covered by frame-and-panel
                 doors. Except for a restrained
                 top-edge molding in cove,
                 quarter-round, or bullnose shape,
                 case goods were simple. They sat
                 directly on the floor, had cut feet, or
                 applied legs.

                 Side chairs, hung on wall pegs when not in use, were light and graceful
                 with plain turned stiles, legs, and stretchers. Finials at the top of the stiles
                 were intended as handles to lift the chair, not as decoration. The bottom of
                 the back legs usually had turned tilters (early Shaker) that protected the
                 floors. Later, tilters were commonly made of brass.

                 Rocking chairs had finials atop their stiles, too, or a plain crossbar on
                 which to hang a pillow. On the top of the front arms were
                 mushroom-shaped, wooden tenon covers. Chair and rocker seats featured
                 woven wood splints, rush, leather, cane, and, after 1830, colorful cloth
                 tape made on special looms.

                 Trestle tables were known for gracefully arched feet (on small tables, too).
                 A raised stretcher beneath the top added leg room for seating comfort.

Could you please move over a little so I can see what that is on the wall behind you...

I've never seen one of those before...

We had THREE new members last month:  David Jacobs, Pat Patrick, and Howard and Janice Bauder.
WELCOME to the TN Valley Woodworkers

*******  Henry Davis said it was time for this years dues to be paid *******

Please see the CLASSIFIED adds on the web site for these items...

Wood dust can cause cancer: study
Improper protection could lead to cancer in the nasal cavity or sinuses, OSHA says
"As a general rule hardwoods are more hazardous to human health than softwoods," OSHA states.  " There are exceptions - in particulate Western red cedar, a softwood, is usually identified as one of the most hazardous to human health.

First Listed in the Tenth Report on Carcinogens

    Wood dust is known to be a human carcinogen, based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans. An association between wood dust exposure and cancer of the nose has been observed in many case reports, cohort studies, and case-control studies that specifically addressed nasal cancer. Strong and consistent associations with cancer of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses were observed both in studies of people whose occupations are associated with wood dust exposure and in studies that directly estimated wood dust exposure.....


10th Report on Carcinogens
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service
                            National Toxicology Program  (<== click on this link to see the report)
                                                                        (scroll down to wooddust)

(some pictures in the gallery)

Tom Gillard brought in a piece of red oak that he had put wood putty on one side, applying cross grain and than sanding off. He used Elmers white wood putty. He than put a finish on it and it does a real good job smoothing grain.

Dave Whyte made a tendon jig that can be used with a table saw. It slides in the rail slot. It was made out of Cherry and Walnut and had adjustments to hold wood (even long pieces). It also has an adjustment for the depth and can also do miters. He also showed a Jewelry box made out of Sassafras with walnut inlay. It also had inlay around the feet.

Winfield Bennett showed us a frame made out of paint paddles. It was a very unique frame and it was done with just a pocketknife. He said that type of art is called Tramp Art.   Tramp Art, Tramp Art, too.

Karen Kerce brought in several bowls with starting with square bottom. One was made from very old wood. It was checked and made an interesting bowl. One was out of Mahogany and was out of Box Elder. She also did a larger one from Black Walnut.

Tom Cowan talked about the emotional side of woodworking, saying that if something has a story behind it than it is more interesting to the craftsman. He found a book in Chicago on the history of a family of cabinetmakers named Dunlap from Scotland. Because of reading this book it made him interested in making a corner cabinet that incorporated some of the things he learned from the book and he also carved on it with a chisel. If not for the book and the emotional side he may not have made the cabinet. He brought the book in and a picture of the cabinet.

Henry Davis saw a vacuum attachment for a drill press in splitters 3 issues back. He made it and brought to show and tell. He also made a plant stand that has many angles and different types of joints in it. He said this type stand might make a good future workshop. He also brought in a piece of wood he had bought at Phil Bishop’s auction a long time ago. It was twisted and he had to do a lot of work to smooth it but turned out very good and will use for some future table.

Ross Roepke brought in a piece of paper and a board with 2 nails in it and showed us how to make an ellipse. This was done since someone on our Webb site had asked how to do this simply. He also brought in an apple box he made for an auction at Trinity Care Center. He also made a Walnut table for using at church for the guest book. It fits under the last table he did for storage.
Ken Gould made a jig for ellipses that you use with a rotor. He had a block of wood that he made 2 dovetail slots at 90 degrees to each other and than put 2 pins in. He set up cross piece for rotor and than put multiple holes in it for circles or to use cross pin jig. You just decide on the size you want and set pins on that size and you can make the ellipse.

Bob Leonard made a fire truck. It was a model of 1928 Aronfox and it has 28 different species of wood in it. It has about 200 pieces that he had to make. It took him about 180 hours to build it. He finished with Deft Spray. The pattern was from an issue of Fine woodworking 1989.

Bob Reese brought in 2 books that contain everything he knows about violin making. He made them for his Children and Grandchildren in case they ever want to make violins. Since he bought a new computer he has redone them and has about 500 pictures and a total of 1000 pages the rest being text. He put it on 3 CDs. He thinks it probably is about the equivalent of a 5-year apprenticeship program on violin making. It was 15 years in the making.

Steve Shores he made a walnut mirror with very nice figuring. He also brought in another mirror made of maple and painted on the back by his neighbor. They were finished with Lacquer.

Loyd Ackerman brought in a table he built in 1992 out of popular which he uses for a telephone stand. He used Aniline dyes on it. He showed another table that he made that has laminated bend front. Which was Walnut over plywood with walnut on back also. He tapered the legs first and than turned them just enough to get rid of flats. He found this to be an easy way to do them.

Houston Clark made a music holder. The post he made out of 2 X 4’s which he cut in half so he could turn the bark on edge to the inside and it would not show. He used yellow pine from some old shelving for the braces. He sprayed it with several coats of polyurethane high gloss and than one coat of semigloss to take off some off the shine.

Henry May carved a Santa out of basswood, which was painted. He also showed a spirit out of Cherry and one out of Pecan. He also showed a Squirrel monkey on a tree that he carved from 1 piece of wood.

Useless tools,  Bring something you thought you couldn't live without, until you got it home and it hasn't been out of the box yet.


Members sites:

Doyle McConnell's page

Loyd Ackerman's Page

Falls Mill

Russell Brown's Web Page

Geoff Roehm

Resourse Sites:

American Association of Woodturners

WOOD ONLINE newsletter

Scott Phillips Video Help sessions

Arrowmont School of Arts and Craft

Appalachain Center for the Arts

Forest Products Lab. 1999 Wood Handbook

Woodworker's Journal

WOOD Online TVWW page

Kevin's Woodturnings

The Oldham Company

The Woodworker's Choice


10 % OFF Fine Woodworking
Books from Taunton Press
…We’re open Monday thru Saturday


  SEE YOU ON THE 18th!

Tom Gillard Jr.